Bone & Joint Health

Best Arthritis Care, Treatment in Chennai

Arthritis is of two types: Rheumatoid arthritis which is caused by inflammation and osteoarthritis, which is caused by the wear and tear at the joints such as knees, hands, spine and hips. Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent type of arthritis and is also called as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease.

Osteoarthritis develops when the protective cartilages wrapping the ends of the bones that meet at the joints, in the musculoskeletal system, wear away with age. Apart from the aging phenomenon, osteoarthritis can also occur because of demanding sporting activities, due to obesity or when suffering from injuries that occurred during the younger days. Osteoporosis in the hands is mostly genetic and through inheritance and occurs in women who are middle-aged.

Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis in Chennai

Osteoarthritis develops over a period of time and as on date no cures exist, but at The Kauvery Institute of Orthopaedic and Neurosciences, we do provide treatments that can slow down the progress of the disease and help with pain management and help improve joint function.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis are:

  • Curtailment of movement – you may not be able to move your limb to its fullest extent
  • When you apply slight pressure to a joint, it will feel tender to the touch (painful)
  • When you wake up in the morning or after a long period of inactivity, you will feel the stiffness in the affected joint
  • Extra bits of bones or bone spurs may form as hard lumps around the afflicted joint
  • A grating sensation may occur when you use the arthritic joint
  • There definitely will be pain before or after you use the joint causing you problems

Factors that help cause Osteoarthritis:

  • Obesity is one of the leading causes for osteoarthritis, as the extra load bearing on knee joints and hips affects these joints. Moreover the fat tissue produces proteins that could cause harmful inflammation in and around the joints
  • Age is another factor that cause osteoarthritis and also it is frequently seen to occur more in women
  • Injuries to the joint that could have occurred through sports activities or through an accident
  • Certain occupations where a joint is frequently used and is under stress, then it is possible to develop osteoarthritis
  • Deformities or defects at birth, such as malformed joints or defective cartilage increases the risk of osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatic diseases, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis or gout are all factors that increases the risk of osteoarthritis
  • Hereditary can also be a factor in some people who develop osteoarthritis

The treatment options offered by our team of multi-specialists at our Kauvery Institute of Orthopaedic and Neurosciences include diagnosis, physical examinations and imaging tests such as X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Joint fluid analysis and blood tests. Our range of therapies include Physical and Occupational therapy, prescribed braces or shoe inserts.

If the conservative approach has not helped relieve pain then our skilled Orthopaedic surgeons will use the following techniques to remove all traces of pain.

  • Injecting cortisone injections into the afflicted joint or joints
  • Injecting Hyaluronic acid, which is a lubricating injection and is a fluid that is similar to the one found in the joints
  • Our skilled and experienced Orthopaedic surgeons, through a procedure called Osteotomy, will surgically realign the bones
  • Arthroplasty or joint replacement surgery. In this procedure our Orthopaedic surgeons will replace the damaged joint surface with metal or plastic implants